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Learning The Musical Dynamics

Musical Dynamics indicate the loudness of music. We use the Italian terms piano and forte to indicate soft and loud. They are usually abbreviated p and f.

We can also add the word mezzo (m) to p and f to create mp (mezzo-piano) and mf (mezzo-forte). Mezzo-piano (mp) is moderately soft and mezzo-forte (mf) is moderately loud.

More than one p or f indicates a softer or louder dynamic, such as pp or fff.

List of Dynamics:

  • fff —- louder than ff
  • ff —– fortissimo —— louder than f
  • f —— forte ————– loudly
  • mf — mezzo-forte —— moderately loud
  • mp — mezzo-piano —– moderately soft
  • p —– piano ————– softly
  • pp — pianissimo —— softer than p
  • ppp – softer than pp